desgastar

v.
1 to wear out.
2 to wear down, to fret, to eat away, to rub away.
El roce desgasta el cuero Friction wears down leather.
3 to exhaust, to play out.
El acoso desgasta la mente Harassment exhausts the mind.
4 to tire out, to drain.
* * *
desgastar
verbo transitivo
1 (ropa) to wear out, wear away; (tacones) to wear down
2 (erosionar) to erode
3 figurado (debilitar) to weaken
verbo pronominal desgastarse
1 (gastarse) to wear out, get worn
2 figurado (debilitarse) to weaken
3 figurado (persona) to wear oneself out
* * *
verb
to wear out, wear down
* * *
1. VT
1) [+ ropa, zapatos, tejido, moqueta, neumático] to wear out; [+ tacones, suela] to wear down; [+ superficie] to wear away

las olas han desgastado las rocas — the waves have worn away the rocks

la corrupción ha desgastado al gobierno — corruption has weakened the government

2) [+ rival, contrincante] to wear down
2.
VI (=debilitar)

veinte años de poder desgastan — after twenty years in power you get stale o run out of steam

3.
See:
* * *
1.
verbo transitivo
a) (gastar) <suelas/ropa> to wear out; <roca> to wear away, erode
b) (debilitar) to wear ... down
2.
desgastarse v pron
a) (gastarse) ropa to wear out; roca to wear away; tacón to wear down
b) persona to wear oneself out; relación to grow stale
* * *
= wear out, eat away at.
Ex. What we really want is a product that wears out from use over a reasonable amount of time.
Ex. Rather than catalog departments going out of business, they could turn their attention once again to cataloging special local materials, eating away at store-rooms of uncataloged materials, and making their collections as a whole more responsive to their local constituency.
----
* desgastarse = wear off.
* no desgastarse fácilmente = wear + well.
* sin desgastar = unworn.
* * *
1.
verbo transitivo
a) (gastar) <suelas/ropa> to wear out; <roca> to wear away, erode
b) (debilitar) to wear ... down
2.
desgastarse v pron
a) (gastarse) ropa to wear out; roca to wear away; tacón to wear down
b) persona to wear oneself out; relación to grow stale
* * *
= wear out, eat away at.

Ex: What we really want is a product that wears out from use over a reasonable amount of time.

Ex: Rather than catalog departments going out of business, they could turn their attention once again to cataloging special local materials, eating away at store-rooms of uncataloged materials, and making their collections as a whole more responsive to their local constituency.
* desgastarse = wear off.
* no desgastarse fácilmente = wear + well.
* sin desgastar = unworn.

* * *
desgastar [A1 ]
vt
1 (gastar) ‹suelas/ropa› to wear out; ‹roca› to wear away, erode
2 (debilitar) to wear … down
desgastarse
v pron
1 (gastarse) «ropa» to wear out; «roca» to wear away; «tacón» to wear down
2 «persona» to wear oneself out; «relación» to grow stale
* * *

desgastar (conjugate desgastar) verbo transitivo
a) (gastar) ‹suelas/ropato wear out;

rocato wear away, erode
b) (debilitar) to wear … down

desgastarse verbo pronominal
a) (gastarse) [ropa] to wear out;

[roca] to wear away;
[tacón] to wear down
b) [persona] to wear oneself out;

[relación] to grow stale
desgastar verbo transitivo to wear out
'desgastar' also found in these entries:
Spanish:
gastar
English:
eat away
- erode
- wear
- wear away
- weather
* * *
desgastar
vt
1. [suela, neumático] to wear down;
[puño, cuerda] to fray; [roca] to wear away;
han desgastado la tapicería del sofá con sus juegos they've caused a lot of wear on the upholstery of the sofa with their playing on it
2. [persona] to wear out;
[organización] to weaken
See also the pronominal verb desgastarse
* * *
desgastar
v/t
1 zapatos wear out
2 defensas wear down
* * *
desgastar vt
1) : to use up
2) : to wear away, to wear down
* * *
desgastar vb (ropa, zapatos) to wear out [pt. wore; pp. worn]
has desgastado el pantalón por las rodillas you've worn out the knees of your trousers

Spanish-English dictionary. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • desgastar — v. tr. 1. Gastar a pouco e pouco (corroendo, ou pela fricção ou atrito). 2.  [Popular] Digerir …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • desgastar — verbo transitivo 1. Gastar el uso o el roce de (una cosa) [otra cosa] poco a poco: La conducción en ciudad desgasta las pastillas de freno. Mi hijo desgasta los zapatos muy deprisa. verbo pronominal 1 …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • desgastar — (De des y gastar). 1. tr. Quitar o consumir poco a poco por el uso o el roce parte de algo. U. t. c. prnl.) 2. Pervertir, viciar. 3. ant. Desperdiciar o malgastar. 4. prnl. Perder fuerza, vigor o poder …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • desgastar — ► verbo transitivo/ pronominal 1 Gastar una cosa por el uso o el roce: ■ los niños desgastan pronto los zapatos. ► verbo transitivo 2 Hacer una cosa débil o viciada. ► verbo pronominal 3 Perder una persona o una cosa fuerza o vitalidad: ■ se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • desgastar — {{#}}{{LM D12709}}{{〓}} {{ConjD12709}}{{\}}CONJUGACIÓN{{/}}{{SynD13003}} {{[}}desgastar{{]}} ‹des·gas·tar› {{《}}▍ v.{{》}} {{<}}1{{>}} {{♂}}Referido a algo material,{{♀}} consumirlo o hacerlo desaparecer poco a poco por el uso o por el roce: • La… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • desgastar — v Consumir poco a poco un cuerpo u objeto a causa del uso o del roce …   Diccionario de Construcción y Arquitectur

  • desgastar — des|gas|tar Mot Agut Verb transitiu i pronominal …   Diccionari Català-Català

  • desgastar — (v) (Intermedio) consumir y dañar poco a poco algo material por el uso o por la influencia de una fuerza externa Ejemplos: En las montañas la suela del zapato se desgasta rápidamente. El viento y el hielo desgastan la roca. Sinónimos: gastar …   Español Extremo Basic and Intermediate

  • desgastar(se) — Sinónimos: ■ gastar, consumir, usar, ajar, dañar, estropear ■ debilitarse, extenuarse, marchitarse …   Diccionario de sinónimos y antónimos

  • desgastar — transitivo y pronominal gastar, consumir, deteriorar, estropear, roer*. ≠ aumentar …   Diccionario de sinónimos y antónimos


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